Fracking Definition – The Hydraulic Fracturing Process Explained

Fracking, or the hydraulic fracturing process, is the process of injecting liquid at high pressure into the Earth’s crust in order to extract oil or gas by forcing the rock to open.

Hydraulic fracturing is the most common action being taken to mitigate the oil and gas flow rates decline rate. The hydraulic fracturing process can be best explained with the following video found on Youtube about fracking natural gas:

Although a mixture of water, sand and chemicals is the most common fluid to fracture rock, sometimes injecting gas such as propane or nitrogen is used as well. On FracFocus.org I found a list of chemicals used in fracking. In order to inform yourself about the chemicals used in fracking you can study the list by clicking here.


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